19 August 2015


Sri Lanka’s prime minister Ranil Wickremesinghe speaks as his wife Maithree watches during a media interaction at his official residence in Colombo, Sri Lanka, Wednesday, Aug. 19, 2015. Wickremesinghe defeated the country’s former strongman Mahinda Rajapaksa in parliamentary elections, according to results released Tuesday, Aug. 18, 2015, blocking a key step of his bid to return to power eight months after he lost the presidency.
Sri Lanka's prime minister on Wednesday invited all political parties in the island nation to work together after his party won the most seats in parliamentary elections and thwarted a political comeback bid by the country's former strongman president.

Officials from Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe's United National Party were working to gain seven more seats to give it an outright majority, and enable Wickremesinghe to be sworn in for a second term as prime minister, a position second to president in Sri Lanka.

The UNP won 106 seats in Monday's elections, seven short of a majority in the 225-member Parliament. Former strongman leader Mahinda Rajapaksa failed in his attempt at a political comeback seven months after he lost his presidential re-election bid, with his party winning 95 seats.

"I'll discuss with President Maithripala Sirisena on building consensus on our national problems. We'll build a national consensus under which we'll do our politics," Wickremesinghe said.

Sirisena is the leader of the United People's Freedom Alliance, which contested Monday's elections under Rajapaksa.

Sirisena broke away from Rajapaksa's Cabinet last year and won an upset victory in the Jan. 8 presidential election with support from Wickremesinghe, who was opposition leader at the time. Rajapaksa's loyalists, however, compelled an unwilling Sirisena to field the former president in the parliamentary elections.

Both parties have been bitter rivals for decades, and their cohabitation will be a novelty in Sri Lankan politics. An earlier cohabitation between a president and a prime minister elected from different parties ended after bickering.

In Sri Lanka, the prime minister acts for the president when he is absent and replaces him if he is impeached, incapacitated or dies. The president has wide executive powers and usually holds the defense, foreign relations and sometimes finance portfolios. The prime minister heads lawmaking and has some governance powers. 

Since his presidential loss, there has been a sharp reversal of fortunes for Rajapaksa, his family and friends, who were once all-powerful controllers of the nation. Some now face investigations or lawsuits on allegations of corruption, misuse of power and even murder.